Vocabulary On the Dying Art of Conversation

The neccessary vocabulary

The Necessary Vocabulary


(2) When engaging in a conversation

There are three fundamental things that may fall onto you, and these are rain, hail (=small pellets of ice) and snow. When any of these happens very violently and together with strong winds, we call it a storm.
If it
rains heavily during a storm, it's a rainstorm.
If it
hails heavily during a storm, it's a hailstorm.
If it
snows heavily during a storm, it's a blizzard.

To hail also means to greet someone enthusiastically (=with enthusiasm):
'The crowd
hailed the Queen with joy'
or to attract attention by shouting or
gesturing (=making gestures, motions of one's body to express an idea or emotion)
'Fiona
hailed a taxi'.
A Blizzard,
in turn, rhymes with a lizard, a general term for some of the reptiles (=animals like snakes, turtles or crocodiles), eg. iguanas or chameleons.
Still, lizards don't like blizzards very much and don't get any of them where they live.

Here's a simple conversation you might want to practice:
'Oh, it's quite
warm today!' =it's neither hot nor cold, but rather hot than cold.
'Really? I find it rather
chilly' =I think it's rather cold than hot.
'At least it's not
freezing cold, like yesterday' =it's not extremely cold.
'Still, it's hardly
boiling hot!' =it is not extremely hot, either.

When during a storm you see a sudden flash of light  in the sky, you see a lightning and the storm is a thunderstorm. This is caused by a flow of electrically charged particles (=tiny portions of matter possessing an electric charge) either between clouds or between a cloud and the earth. A lightning is usually accompanied by (=usually appears in the company of, together with) a thunder (=a loud booming noise). However, we hear  the thunder after we see the lightning as sound propagates in (=travels through) the air at a lower speed than light.

What does a lightning do? It strikes:
'This tree has been
stricken by a lightning during a recent thunderstorm '

It has to be underlined that an appearance of a lighting, a bolt is very sudden (=happens quickly and unexpectedly) .
That is precisely the reason for the construction
a bolt from the blue.
'His decision was
a bolt from the blue' =his decision was sudden, unexpected,  and probably unwelcome.

How to describe a heavy rainfall? The below might give you some inspiration:
'Yesterday it
rained so heavily I was soaking wet when I came back home.'
'I really love those
torrential rains you get in this country.'
'It
rained cats and dogs all day yesterday.'
The last one is idiomatic and hence the sentence has nothing to do with the animals mentioned.

It is also well worth to remember that a shower is just as much a type of bath as it is a brief (=short) period of rain, hail or snow:
'I'll go and
take a shower.' =I'll wash myself
'There might be
showers in the afternoon.' =it might be raining then.




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