German playwright, director and poet, Brecht is regarded as one of the most influential figures in 20th century drama. With his
A Man’s a Man(1926) he introduced the so-called alienation effect (A-effect). It is a technique based on the emotional detachment of the actors and the audience from the drama, in order to focus on the intellectual side and emphasise the political meaning.
Mother Courage and Her Children(1941). Brecht also collaborated with a German composer Kurt Weill. Together they produced such musical dramas as
The Threepenny Opera(1928),
The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahogonny(1927), and