Judaism is the oldest religion in the world.
These are only 15 million people, who
believe in Judaism. The bible of Judaism
is called the Torah. It has 5 parts. The most
important text in the Torah is the Ten
Commandments called the Decalogue. It includes
ten commandments gave to Moses from the
God on the Sinai Mountain.
1.I am Jahwe, your God, who made you free
from Egyptians captivity
2.Don’t believe in any other god
3.Don’t tell My name when you’re lying or
when it’s unnecessary
4.Remember about the Sabbath day. Six days you’ll
be working, but on seventh day you’ll rest and pray
5.Be good for your mother and father
10.Don’t covet your neighbour’s wife and any thing,
that belongs to him Believers of Judaism call Jews.
Priers of Judaism are called kohens. They make
services in Jew’s temple, called Synagogue.
In a Synagogue there is always characteristic
seven-branch candlestick, called menorah.
There are two important events in Jew’s religion.
When a boy is 13, or a girl is 12, they become
bar micwah, son of commandment, that is mature
Jew. Second event is marriage, called kiddeshin.
The most famous Jew’s praying place is the Wall
of Crying. Jews can pray there. Very famous synagogue
is the Dome. Jews has got their own calendar. It
includes 12 months, but 7 times in every 19 years
they add one supplementary month. Months in
Jew’s calendar are called:
Supplementary month is called Adar Szeni, what
means “second Adar”.
The most characteristic point of Christianity
is belief in Jesus Christ, the son of God. He
was born in Bethlehem in Palestine. In Greek
language Jesus’ name is IHSOYS. In the first
age B.C. rulers of Palestine were Romans.
and free them from the Romans’ captivity.
Messiah means ritesed, in Greek “christos”.
It’s the source of “Christ” name. Parables,
then He was making, attracted a lot of people,
who was going with Him around Palestine.
Jesus didn’t call them to fight with Romans,
but to live in peace and love. He advocated,
that the prize for being good is living forever
in the Heaven. You can get there only after
death. Jesus told, that His kingdom isn’t in
this world. There was people, who didn’t
believe, that Jesus is the Messiah. One of His
students, Judas was unfaithful to Jesus and
told Romans, which man is Jesus, by kissing
Him. They gave him some money for that.
He went to Pilat, Romans’ judge. Pilat told,
That Jesus isn’t gilty, but Jews told him to
sentence Jesus. The judge did it and told
soldiers to crucify Jesus. They’ve done it
and Jesus died. On the third day He rised
from the death and went to His father, to
the heaven. From that time, the cross
is the symbol of Christianity. After Jesus’
death his students was going around the
world, and was teaching people, about
Jesus and his words. Jesus’ words was
drown up by four Jesus’ students: Mathew,
Mark, Luke and John. That four books are
called the Gospel. On the begin of Christianity,
Romans didn’t condemn the new religion.
In 64th year A.C. the emperor of Rome,
Neron accused Christians of setting up
the fire in Rome. Picking up on Christians
began. Every Christian, who didn’t want to
disown Jesus was killed, by giving to lions
as a food.
Arab migrates worshiped The Holy Black
Stone, that was in Mecca, Arab city. In
Mecca, there were Jews and Christians too.
They were often talking about their religions.
Somebody was listening to them willingly.
He was called Mahomet later. He liked the
theory, that in the world is only one God, who
you can’t see. Once upon the time the archangel
Gabriel came to Mahomet and he told him, to be
the prophet of God. He started learning people.
He was talking, that is only one God and his name
is Allah. He had a lot of prophets before: Abraham,
Moses, Jesus, but now the prophet of Allah is
Mahomet. Allah is the fair God and people must
afraid only him and do everything what he tells.
It’s the reason, why Mahomet called the new
religion Islam, what in Arabic language means:
“doing everything what the God tells”. Rules
of Islam was written by Mahomet to the Muslims’
bible – the Koran. All Muslims must pray to Allah
five times on every day. They must be turned to
Mecca then. People called muezzins are calling
Muslims to praying from a tower called minaret,
Situated next to a mosque. Before they go into
a mosque they must pull off their shoes and wash
themselves. They believe, that they go into a holy
area and they don’t want to desecrate it. They must
give a charity for poor people and fast in every month
called Ramadan. Every Muslim must come to Mecca
one time in his life. The most important thing is
repeating the holy words: “it is no god except
Allah and Mahomet is his prophet”.