TEFL Methodology: Video Techniques

VIDEO TECHNIQUES

 

Video materials may be AUTHENTIC or NON-AUTHENTIC.

 

Authentic video materials

Non-authentic video materials

realistic

rather unrealistic

interesting

can be boring

up-to-date

date easily

original

 

inexpensive

expensive

mainly for higher levels

adapted to level

no prepared exercises or worksheets

come with workbooks

 

cued with minutes / seconds

 

practice specific structures / vocabulary

 

Some video techniques:

 

1. What Ss see / hear:

  • picture without sound - structured tasks (sequence of events, paraphrases)
  • picture without sound (describing e.g. appearance, mood)
  • sound without picture (small piece of dialogue and sound effects)

 

 

 

 

2. How you play the recording:

  • uninterrupted viewing
  • interrupted viewing
  • freeze-frame (Ss guess what is going to happen next)
  • jig-saw viewing

 

 

 

 

 

3. Subtitles

  • target language subtitles
  • native language subtitles
  • no subtitles

 

 

 

 

Language Areas to be taught with the use of Video Techniques (and example activities):

 

1. Grammar

  • tenses (e.g. what is he doing / going to do / has just done?)
  • retell the sequence
  • prepositions

 

 

 

 

2. Vocabulary

  • descriptions

 

 

3. Listening

  • general comprehension
  • specific information

 

 

 

4. Speaking

  • discussion (before / during / after watching; opinion / filming / acting / plot)
  • prediction

 

 

 

5. Writing

  • summary
  • critic’s review
  • journalist’s report

 

 

 

 

Tips on using Video Techniques:

 

  • be fully conversant with the recording
  • check the recording beforehand
  • check the dvd player
  • before the lesson: prepare the recording, check the volume and tone and the angle from different parts of the classroom
  • create your own worksheets
  • focus Ss’ attention on what you want them to work with
  • introduce the context
  • don’t play too long without stopping
  • be sensitive and realistic to what Ss memorize

 

 

Bibliography

Bartram, M. and Walton, R. 1991. Correction. Mistake Management. Language Teaching Publications: 1991.

Brumfit, C. 1994. Communicative Methodology in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

Byrne, D. 1990. Teaching Oral Skills. Harlow: Longman.

Byrne, D. 1990b. Teaching Writing  Skills. Harlow: Longman.

Harmer, J. 2001. The Practice of English Language Teaching.  Harlow:  Longman.

Ur, P. 1996. A Course in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

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